Baldness is something we dread especially when we are still in our 20’s and 30’s. Lifestyle and genetic factors may lead to early hair loss. Although medicines and supplements help to control or delay the process they too will fail after a certain point of time especially for those who started to care about it too late. Medical science doesn’t let you give up and comes to your rescue here too – hair transplant.
To understand how hair transplant works we have to understand why hair loss happens
Hair growth is caused by follicles which are located beneath our skin. The size of our hair grows as cells are added to the base of these follicles. Hair fall is a part of the natural process and they fall off from their follicles. However, a new hair replaces the old fallen hair which continues to grow again. Take an example, women pluck their eyebrows but they grow back after a certain time. It is because the follicles are present within and a new hair will come up in place of the removed hair.
Permanent hair loss can be caused by different reasons such as a major trauma of the skin which leaves a scar tissue without any follicles. When there are no follicles there will be no hair growth. Another reason which happens to be the most common one is that the follicles stop growing hair. They are present under your skin but they won’t grow hair. This is because a hormone known as Dihydrotestosterone blocks the work of the follicles. This condition is known as alopecia. Both men and women can suffer from this condition but it is more common in men and medical science offers hair transplant for both.
How Does Hair Transplant Work?
When we speak about hair transplant it is not just the hair that is taken from the donor area but it is the healthy follicles that are placed on top of the bald spot. Male patients tend to have a safe zone on their heads which is the sides and the back from where the follicles can be taken, this area is known as the donor zone. Hair transplant is generally of two types FUE and FUT. Both have their own advantages and processes. An experienced dermatologist is the best person to decide which type or hair transplantation treatment would best suit you. Here is how the mentioned type of hair transplantations work:
- FUT or Follicular Unit Transplantation is also referred to as the strip procedure. In this case strips of tissue are removed from the donor area which is further cut into single follicular units. The surgeon places these individual grafts in the tiny holes made on the scalp. The strip removed from the donor area is stitched and leaves a scar which takes some time to heal.
- FUE or Follicular Unit Extraction is more advanced than the FUE method. Here the surgeon extracts just one follicular unit and places on the bald spot. Since there are no strips extracted there are no scars left. In the FUE method, the healing time is very less.
Although FUE is more advanced FUT is also advised by many surgeons. This is because more hair can be harvested in this process which can help in covering a larger area of the bald spot.
In both the cases, the surgeons follow a certain pattern while placing the hair so when the hair grows it blends with the remaining hair on the scalp naturally.
After a few weeks of the surgery, the transplanted hair will shed and fall. It takes usually between 3-4 months to see hair re-growth in the transplanted areas. You can have full hair anywhere between 9-12 months. Women may have to wait longer to see complete results.